What was New Hampshire like 300 years ago? New Hampshire was a British colony
at that time. In fact, it was one of several British colonies in North America that were located along the east coast. The English settlers
who had arrived in New Hampshire by 1720 all lived in the southeast corner of New Hampshire, near the seacoast. The biggest settlement in New Hampshire was Portsmouth, which was the colony’s capital.
In 1720, New Hampshire had miles and miles of forests, lakes, and rivers where hardly anyone lived. But New Hampshire was just about to grow a lot bigger. Thousands of people came to New Hampshire in the18th century
, and they settled new towns all over the colony. Most of those towns still exist today.
As New Hampshire’s population grew larger, it became more diverse. People from different cultures
and different countries came here to settle and build new lives. They joined the Abenaki
, who had lived in New Hampshire for thousands of years, and the English settlers who came in the 1600s and early 1700s.
As you learn about New Hampshire in this period, think about the following questions:
- How did towns develop throughout New Hampshire during this time?
- How was New Hampshire connected to other colonies, countries, and continents in the 18th century?