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In 1720, English settlers in New Hampshire lived in just a few towns that were all located in the southeastern corner of the state. By 1775, there were over 150 towns in New Hampshire, and they were spread out all over.

Each town was independent, and townspeople governed themselves. But all the towns were united together as a colony, ruled by Great Britain. The people of New Hampshire had their own legislature and their own governor. The capital of the colony was in the busy seaport town of Portsmouth.

Many people moved to New Hampshire during these years. They worked hard to settle the land and build farms and communities for their families, but by 1775, a lot of them were unhappy about living under British rule. They started to think that America would be better off as an independent country.

What Do We Want To Know?

What questions shape your exploration of this unit? Think about these questions as you learn about this topic.
  • 1
    How did towns develop throughout New Hampshire during this time?
  • 2
    How was New Hampshire connected to other colonies, countries, and continents in the 18th century?

For Students

Learn It!

Explore the history of New Hampshire in the 18th century

Find It!

View the images, objects, documents, maps, videos, biographies, and vocabulary words in this unit

Do It!

Use the knowledge you’ve gained in this unit to play these online games and complete these printable activities

Go See It!

Visit New Hampshire places where the history in this unit happened

For Teachers

Unit Plan for Unit 4

Find lesson plans, vocabulary words, additional resources, and an overview of the subject