How were New Hampshire’s natural resources threatened in the 19th and 20th centuries?
For thousands of years, New Hampshire had plenty of natural resources
to support life here. Forests, rivers, and lakes covered the land, providing a place to live for trees, plants, animals, fish, and the native Abenaki
When English settlers
came to New Hampshire in the early 17th century
, they developed industries that used these natural resources. They caught fish in New Hampshire’s waterways
and then shipped the fish they caught to Europe where the fish fed millions of people. The colonists
cut down trees in the forests to build their settlements and to sell to other places in the world that needed lumber
. Settlers trapped beaver so they could sell the fur to people in Europe, where beaver pelts were used to make hats and coats.
These industries helped New Hampshire grow during the colonial period
. More people moved here, and they built towns and businesses that used the natural resources around them.