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In the early 1600s, new groups of people began to move to the land we call New Hampshire. Originally from England, these settlers claimed the land for their home country, Great Britain, and New Hampshire became a British colony. The English settlers who moved here started businesses, established farms, formed governments, and built towns and communities.

These were hard years for the Abenaki, who had already been in New Hampshire for thousands of years. The Abenaki and the English had very different cultures and did not always understand each other or treat each other’s culture with respect. As the English built their communities, the two groups struggled with how to interact. By 1720, many Abenaki had died or been pushed off their land, and the English settlements were well established.

Focus Questions for This Unit

What questions shape your exploration of this unit? Think about these focus questions as you learn about this topic and add your own!
  • 1
    How were the Abenaki impacted by the arrival of the Europeans?
  • 2
    What did explorers find when they first encountered the land?
  • 3
    Why did the English settle New Hampshire?
  • 4
    What was life like in the early English settlements?

Learn It!

Explore the history of New Hampshire's early colonial period

Find It!

View the images, objects, documents, maps, videos, biographies, and vocabulary words in this unit

Do It!

Use the knowledge you’ve gained in this unit to play these online games and complete these printable activities

Go See It!

Visit New Hampshire places where the history in this unit happened

Timeline

Explore the section of the Moose Timeline covered in this unit to find out what else is happening in New Hampshire and America.