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Imagine it is hundreds, maybe even thousands, of years ago in what we now call New Hampshire. This land is populated by the Abenaki, who are Native Americans who have lived in this region for more than 10,000 years.

What would you see if you encountered an Abenaki village during this time? You would see wigwams where Abenaki families sleep, fish drying on racks for eating later, kids playing games like lacrosse, and adults tending to crops or working on crafts like making baskets or building canoes. How did the Abenaki use the natural world around them to create the things they needed? How did they build their houses? How did they make clothing? What tools did they use to hunt and fish? How did they survive New Hampshire’s harsh winters?

Although the Abenaki’s history in New Hampshire spans thousands of years, this unit focuses on the period of time starting about 3,000 years ago and going up to the year 1600. During these years, which is called the Woodland period of New Hampshire history, Abenaki tribes spread throughout the area. They built complex societies, developed rich cultural traditions, and adapted to the changing environment in New Hampshire.

What Do We Want To Know?

What questions shape your exploration of this unit? Think about these questions as you learn about this topic.
  • 1
    How did where the Abenaki live impact how they lived?
  • 2
    How did Abenaki traditions reflect their way of life and beliefs?

For Students

Learn It!

Discover the customs, traditions, and practices of the first people who lived in New Hampshire

Find It!

View the images, objects, documents, maps, videos, biographies, and vocabulary words in this unit

Do It!

Use the knowledge you’ve gained in this unit to play these online games and complete the review activities

Go See It!

Visit New Hampshire places where the history in this unit happened

For Teachers

Unit Plan for Unit 2

Find lesson plans, vocabulary words, additional resources, and an overview of the subject